Total IT Solution Provider

Home |Services |Clients |Technical Support |Contact Us

Technical Reference

Welcome to M.S.Computers's Technical Reference Section

Below are some commonly inquired information from the customers related to technical aspects of Chipset motherboard,CPU,Graphics,.....

CPU - | Intel P4 | Intel PIII | Intel II

Pentium® 4 processor is the next step in desktop processor technology. Featuring the performance benefits provided by Intel's NetBurst™ microarchitecture, the Pentium 4 processor offers unprecedented desktop processing performance. Manufactured utilizing Intel's 0.13-micron technology, the Pentium 4 processor delivers outstanding performance home computing, business solutions and other state-of-the-art applications.

Processor Features

Available Speeds (in GHz): 2.4, 2.2, 2.0, 1.9, 1.8, 1.7, 1.6, 1.5

Compatible Chipsets: Intel 845, Intel 845D, VIA P4X266(A), VIA P4X333

Other Features: 400MHz System Bus, Hyper-Pipelined Technology, Rapid Execution Engine, Execution Trace Cache, Advanced Transfer Cache, Advanced Dynamic Execution, Enhanced Floating Point, Streaming SIMD2 Instructions

Performance for Business Applications

The Intel® Pentium® 4 processor delivers the performance and stability required by today's most demanding business users. High-speed Pentium 4 processors enrich the business solutions and applications being deployed by today's most successful corporations and institutions. In addition, Intel processors provide unmatched stability and reliability, making IT qualification fast and easy.

Multimedia Performance for the Home

The Intel® Pentium® 4 processor can provide outstanding performance for today's hottest home applications including digital video and imaging, digital music, advanced gaming, and more. The Pentium 4 processor also provides enough power to next-generation applications such as MPEG-4 video and DVD authoring.

More Information from Intel

For further details regarding the Intel® Pentium® 4 processor, please
click here.

CPU - Intel Pentium III
Overview

Pentium® III is Intel's most advanced superior performance processor for servers, workstations and powerful desktops. It includes multimedia capabilities such as full-motion, full screen video, and realistic graphics for a dramatic improvement in Internet Experience. Offered in SECC (Single Edge Contact Cartridge) package or FC-PGA 370 (Flip Chip Pin Grid Array) package, the Pentium III processors are offered at speeds from 450MHz to 1.0GHz depending on the package form factor.

Processor Features

The Pentium III utilizes features of P6 micro architecture (namely a multi-transaction bus, Dynamic Execution performance, and Intel MMX)
  • 70 new instructions for advanced streaming audio/video and speech recognition applications.
  • 100MHz or 133MHz system bus
  • 512K L2 Cache (half-speed) or 256K L2 Cache (full-speed)
  • 450MHz through 1.0GHz clock speeds


Pentium III Processor Serial Number

Every Pentium III contains an electronic processor serial number designed to enhance the Internet experience. Users can control the usage of this serial number by downloading and installing the processor serial number control utility. Upon installation , the processor serial number is disabled. The user will have the option of enabling the serial number whenever they choose.

According to Intel, the main advantage of the electronic serial number is that it can enhance the security on the web. The serial number can be used in concert with a username and password by websites that provide online transactions such as online banking or e-commerce. This added security ensures that no other person can access your account(s) with your name and password if the electronic serial number is enabled.

The processor serial number can not broadcast information over the Internet. Privacy is in the control of the user.

Pentium III CPU Matrix -FC PPGA Form Factor

Processor

Core Freq. (MHz)

Sys Bus (MHz)

L2 Cache (KB)

L2 Cache Type

500E*

500

100

256

ATC

533EB*

533

133

256

ATC

550E*

550

100

256

ATC

600E*

600

100

256

ATC

600EB*

600

133

256

ATC

650

650

100

256

ATC

667B*

667

133

256

ATC

700

700

100

256

ATC

733B*

733

133

256

ATC

750

750

100

256

ATC

800

800

100

256

ATC

800EB*

800

133

256

ATC

850

850

100

256

ATC

866

866

133

256

ATC

900

900

100

256

ATC

933

933

133

256

ATC

950

950

100

256

ATC

1 GHz

1 GHz

133

256

ATC


Pentium III CPU Matrix -Slot 1 Form Factor

Processor

Core Freq. (MHz)

Sys Bus (MHz)

L2 Cache (KB)

L2 Cache Type

450

450

100

512

Discrete*

500

500

100

512

Discrete*

533B*

533

133

512

Discrete*

533EB*

533

133

256

ATC

550

550

100

512

Discrete*

550E*

550

100

256

ATC

600

600

100

512

Discrete*

600B*

600

133

512

Discrete*

600E*

600

100

256

ATC

600EB*

600

133

256

ATC

650

650

100

256

ATC

667

667

133

256

ATC

700

700

100

256

ATC

733

733

133

256

ATC

750

750

100

256

ATC

800

800

100

256

ATC

800EB*

800

133

256

ATC

850

850

100

256

ATC

866

866

133

256

ATC

900

900

100

256

ATC

933

933

133

256

ATC

950

950

100

256

ATC

1 GHz

1 GHz

133

256

ATC


*
"B" = 133 MHz System Bus Frequency
"E" = Processor with "Advanced Transfer Cache" (ATC), Full Sys Bus Speed
"Discrete" - Backside Cache, 1/2 the Sys Bus Speed

CPU P-II

Overview

    The Intel® Pentium® II incorporates a dual independent bus architecture to deal with bandwidth limitations. Composed of the L2 cache bus and the processor-to- main-memory system bus, this architecture facitilitates a simultaneous and parallel data access from both buses by the processor. As a result, bandwidth performance is three times that of a single bus architecture. The dual independent bus architecture is designed to support the 100MHz system bus for high-performance processing power. Intel´s BX and GX chipsets support the Pentium II processor.

Processor Features

  • The Pentium II utilizes features of P6 microarchitecture (namely a multi-transaction bus, Dynamic Execution performance, and Intel MMX)
  • Dual Independent Bus architecture
  • 66MHz or 100MHz system bus
  • Sing Edge Conact Cartridge packaging technology
  • 512K unified, non-blocking L2 Cache
  • 233MHz through 450MHz clock speeds

Intel MMX Technology

    Also incorporated into the Pentium II is Intel´s MMX technology. This technology is designed to enhance image & video compression/ decompression, as well as encryption and I/O processing used in a wide range of business media, office suites, and communication applications. Intel created the Single Instruction Multiple Data process allowing for a single instruction to perform the same function on various pieces of data.

Pentium II Form Factors

    There are two types of Pentium II form factor - SECC and SECC2. The acronym stands for Single Edge Contact Cartridge . The SECC Pentium II is only slightly different from the SECC2 Pentium II. Both form factors feature the 242-contact slot connector. In the SECC2, the thermal plate is removed, allowing for better PBSRAM cooling via a direct thermal interface with the processor core.

Pentium II CPU Matrix

Processor

Core Freq. (MHz)

Sys Bus (MHz)

L2 Cache (KB)

233

233

66

512

266

266

66

512

300

300

66

512

333

333

66

512

350

350

100

512

400

400

100

512

450

450

100

512


Chipset - | General |

Chipsets - General Information

A chipset consists of a group of integrated ciruits that is designed to perform one or more related functions; for instance, it may provide CPU functions for a computer, enable fast expansion bus support, or advanced power management features. As an analogy, if CPU is the brain of a PC, it's heart would be the chipset which controls the data flow among the CPU, system memory, and the motherboard bus.

Graphics / Video - | Video Compatibility | General |


The section below provides an overview of the most common terminologies in the computer graphics industry. For current listing of recommended video cards.

3D Graphics Accelerator - a graphics card which can (1) draw points, lines and (more generally) polygons, using only the polygons' 3-dimensional vertices, and (2) which can map textures on polygons and/or which can shade polygons.

AGP - The Accelerated Graphics Port is a new graphics subsystem architecture developed by Intel. AGP is the combination of two features:

a shared-memory design (i.e., some operations related to graphics will be performed inside the system's main memory);
a faster bus than the current PCI bus

Open GL - a set of specifications for a cross-platform 3D graphics API developed initially by Silicon Graphics Inc. There are several implementations of Open GL, provided by different vendors. Microsoft provides a Win32 version.

DirectX - a set of APIs developed by Microsoft. DirectX is made of several components, each of which can be used to access a particular class of hardware devices: DirectInput for input devices, DirectSound for sound cards, DirectDraw for graphics cards, Direct3D for 3D accelerators, etc.

Direct3D - Microsoft's API for 3D graphics. This is One of the components of DirectX supported by all gaming-oriented 3D accelerators so far.
Rendering - a term which is often used as a synonym for rasterization, but which can also refer to the whole process of creating a 3D image

RGB - Red-Green-Blue. Each color is defined by a value on the Red scale, a value on the Green scale, and a value on the Blue scale.

Z-buffering - the process of creating the Z-buffer. Most 3D accelerators can handle Z-buffering, although this may have a negative impact on their performances. Z-buffering can also be performed in software

I/O - | IrDA | PS/2 Port | USB Port |

About IrDA :

What is the IrDA interface for?

IrDA stands for transmitting data via infrared light waves. This technology is already implemented in over 300 million electronic devices including desktop, notebook, Palm PC's, printers, PDA's, Cellular phones, digital cameras, toys, watches, pagers and other mobile devices.

What is the IrDA header pin layout?
Pen 1 IR RX - receiving DATA
Pen 2 IR TX - transmitting DATA
Pen 3 IR +5V or VCC - power
Pen 4 GND - ground


Where can I get a PS/2 Adapter?

USB Help :
In order to take advantage of USB, you will need Windows95 OSR 2.x AND the USBSUPP.EXE support file. You need to get this from your system integrator or from Microsoft OEM Services.

Any questions regarding USB patches, fixes, or drivers for Microsoft Operating Systems should be directed to Microsoft.

(Hint: If you can't get this file from any of your sources, try searching for USBSUPP.EXE through any popular search engine.)

USB header pin layout?

Pin 1 - VCC (+5V)
Pin 2 - DATA-
Pin 3 - DATA+
Pin 4 - GND
Pin 5 - GND

Microsoft Downloads and Updates


Drivers and Updates
Security Bulletin Search
Service Packs

Free Download  

Intel motherboards
AMD motherboards chipset

VIA motherboards Products
ServerWorks products

Geek chipsets products
Techfest chipset products
Tomshardware chipset products

Copyright M.S.Computers 2005-2007